История пилотируемой космонавтики была бы немыслима без одного провинциального учителя математики, который свою преподавательскую деятельность начинал в уездном городке Боровске.

Этого учителя звали Константин Эдуардович Циолковский.

Один из тогдашних боровских мальчишек, некто Коновалов, став взрослым, написал Циолковскому письмо, которое, к счастью, сохранилось: «Живо представляю вас высоким, неторопливым, бледным, с женственным голосом. В то глухое для просвещения время вы хотели пробудить в своих учениках живой интерес к физике. Как сейчас вижу, как вы ведёте нас на огороды и пустыри Боровска, где вы показывали, как можно пустить воздушный шар посредством подогретого воздуха. Мы тогда подожгли лучинки на сетке под шаром и с восхищением бежали за ним, когда он улетал от нас. Помню вас и смелым физкультурником, катающимся на коньках по льду реки Протвы вместе с детьми. Тогда редко кто из взрослых катался на коньках. Это считалось пустой забавой».

В Боровске Циолковский прослужил 12 лет, с 1880 по 1892 годы, после чего был переведён в Калугу. По официальной версии, представленной директором народных училищ Калужской губернии, «как один из способнейших и усерднейших преподавателей». В Калужском уездном училище Константин Эдуардович преподавал арифметику и геометрию.

В 1887 году Циолковский написал небольшую повесть «На Луне» — своё первое научно-фантастическое произведение. В это же время Циолковский продолжал свои работы по аэродинамике и теории вихрей в различных средах, а также ожидал издания книги «Аэростат металлический управляемый» в московской типографии.

После революции глухой учитель, которого называли «чудаком» и «мечтателем», превратился в одного из величайших советских учёных. Константину Эдуардовичу предлагали переехать в Москву, но он продолжал жить в провинциальном городке, выступал перед школьниками и учащимися многочисленных технических кружков.

Когда в 1932 году страна торжественно справляла 75-летний юбилей учёного в калужском клубе железнодорожников, один из репортёров, Лев Кассиль, написал: «Вот он подходит к рампе, снимает свой смешной головной убор и медленно машет им, далеко заводя вытянутую вверх руку за голову. Так машут встречающим с палубы корабля. Так, быть может, когда-нибудь будет махать шлемом своим соотечественникам, землякам командир первого межпланетного корабля, вернувшегося на Землю».

На фотографии — памятник Циолковскому у подножия монумента «Покорителям космоса» (автор фото Дмитрий Сушко).

#ЯУчитель #Циолковский #МузейКосмонавтики #ДеньУчителя

280 thoughts on “История пилотируемой космонавтики была бы немыслима без одного провинциального учителя математики, который свою преподавательскую деятельность начинал в уездном городке Боровске.

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